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Functional components

Understanding Functional Components in React with Code Snippets

React, a widely-used JavaScript library for building user interfaces, has undergone significant changes in its approaches to component design. One of the most notable shifts has been the rise of functional components. In this blog post, we'll delve into what functional components are, why they're important, and provide you with illustrative code snippets to help you grasp the concept better.

What are Functional Components?

Functional components are a fundamental building block of React applications. They are JavaScript functions that return JSX (JavaScript XML) elements, describing the user interface for a particular part of your application. These components were traditionally used for simpler components that didn't require complex state management or lifecycle methods. However, with the introduction of React Hooks, functional components can now handle state and lifecycle-related functionalities as well.

Advantages of Functional Components

1. Simplicity and Readability: Functional components are concise and easier to read compared to class components. They reduce boilerplate code and make your intentions clearer.

2. Performance: Functional components are lightweight and can be optimized more effectively by React's reconciliation algorithm.

3. Hooks Integration: Hooks, introduced in React 16.8, allow you to use state and other React features without writing a class. Functional components are the primary target for using hooks.

4. Easier Testing: Functional components are just plain functions, making them easier to test without needing to deal with component instances or lifecycle methods.

creating a Functional Component

Let's start by creating a simple functional component that displays a welcome message. In this example, we'll use the arrow function syntax:


import React from 'react';

const WelcomeMessage = () => {
  return <h1>Welcome to Our Website!</h1>;

export default WelcomeMessage;

Adding State with Hooks

Functional components can now manage state using hooks. Let's create a counter component using the `useState` hook:


import React, { useState } from 'react';

const Counter = () => {
  const [count, setCount] = useState(0);

  const increment = () => {
    setCount(count + 1);

  return (
      <h2>Counter: {count}</h2>
      <button onClick={increment}>Increment</button>

export default Counter;

Effect with Hooks

The `useEffect` hook is used for handling side effects in functional components. Here's an example that fetches data when the component mounts:


import React, { useState, useEffect } from 'react';

const DataFetcher = () => {
  const [data, setData] = useState([]);

  useEffect(() => {
    fetchData(); // Custom function to fetch data
  }, []);

  const fetchData = async () => {
    const response = await fetch('');
    const result = await response.json();

  return (
      <h2>Fetched Data</h2>
        { => (
          <li key={}>{}</li>

export default DataFetcher;


Functional components have become the backbone of modern React development. They offer simplicity, performance benefits, and a more intuitive way to handle state and side effects through hooks. By using these code snippets as a starting point, you can begin building your own functional components and explore the world of React development further.

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